Clean Energy Initiative
One of the initiatives from the government that also includes energy efficiency is the Clean Energy Initiative, which is the integrated effort to reduce greenhouse gas emissions from fossil fuels burning (Reducing Emissions from Fossil Fuel Burning, abbreviated as REFF-Burn). This initiative is a form of Indonesia’s participation in mitigating climate change. The Indonesian President at G-20 Forum in Pittsburgh, United States and the UNFCCC COP-15 in Copenhagen, Denmark has set a target to reduce greenhouse gas emissions in 2020 by 26% with our own efforts, and 41% of with international aid. The Clean Energy Initiative by the Ministry of Energy and Mineral Resources is intended to not only to meet national emission reduction targets, but also to sustain Indonesia’s national energy security.
In this initiative, emissions reduction will be achieved in three stages:
1. Pre- Fossil Combustion
Emissions reduction at this stage is done through preventing the use of more fossil energy. The strategies include increasing the utilization of renewable energy, energy efficiency improvement and fugitive emission reduction.
2. During Fossil Combustion
Reducing emissions during fossil energy combustion is achieved through measures such as the use of clean coal technology, clean fuel technology, utilization of flared gas reduction and application of energy efficient technologies in the household, commercial, transportation and industrial sector.
3. Post- Fossil Combustion
Reducing emissions can also be done after the burning of fossil energy through measures such as Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS), the use of algae, post mining reclamation and utilization of CO2.